NASA: Economic Benefits Reach All 50 States

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NASA released the results of its second agency-wide survey economic impact reportdemonstrating how its Moon to Mars activities, climate change research and other work generated more than $71.2 billion in total economic output in fiscal year 2021.

Combined, NASA’s impact has supported more than 339,600 jobs nationwide and generated nearly $7.7 billion in federal, state, and local taxes in the United States.

“Investing in NASA missions is an investment in American workers, American innovation, and American competitiveness for the 21st century. NASA is positioning its partners in commercial space and the national economy to win the future of spaceflight in the 21st century as we prepare to send astronauts back to the Moon and then to Mars,” said the NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “While our work is always pushing boundaries across the cosmos, it is also empowering the planet beneath our feet. NASA is partnering with small businesses, industry, universities and other government agencies to raise engineering challenges and to transfer our technologies, capabilities and data for the benefit of the public here on Earth NASA may be a small federal agency, but we weigh above our weight, fueling growth of American industry with quality, well-paying jobs in all 50 states and maintaining our leadership in space and science.

The study found that NASA’s Moon to Mars exploration approach generated more than $20.1 billion in total economic output and supported more than 93,700 jobs nationwide. For investments in climate research and technology, the agency’s activities have generated more than $7.4 billion in total economic output and supported more than 37,000 jobs nationwide.

Additional key findings from the study include:

  • Every state in the country benefits economically from NASA’s activities. Forty-six states have an economic impact of over $10 million. Of these 46 states, nine have an economic impact of $1 billion or more.
  • NASA’s agency-wide economic output for fiscal year 2021 increased 10.7% from fiscal year 2019, the year the agency conducted its first report.
  • The agency’s Moon to Mars campaign, which includes the Artemis program, generated nearly $2.2 billion in tax revenue and saw a 42.6% increase in economic output over fiscal year 2019 These activities provided approximately 28% of NASA’s economic impact.
  • The agency’s investments in climate change research and technology generated nearly $810 million in tax revenue and provided 11% of NASA’s economic impact.
  • NASA has more than 2,655 active domestic and international agreements for various scientific research and technology development activities in fiscal year 2021. The International Space Station is an important representative of international partnerships – representing 15 nations and five space agencies and has been in operation for over 20 years.
  • NASA has 700 different active partnerships with non-federal US partners and partnerships in 44 of the 50 states. For example, flight technology like NASA’s all-electric X-57 Maxwell.
  • Nasa spin offs, which are public products and processes developed with NASA technology, funding or expertise, provide benefit to American lives beyond dollars and jobs. The agency has registered more than 2,000 spin-off technologies since 1976. For example, NASA’s indoor farming techniques in vertical farm structures are being adopted by private companies to build indoor farms.
  • Scientific research and development, which fuels advances in science and technology that can help improve daily life on Earth and for humanity, enjoys the greatest sectoral impact, accounting for 20% of the global economic output of The NASA.

The agency-wide economic impact in Mississippi shows:

  • NASA activities in Mississippi produced an economic impact of $865 million statewide.
  • NASA activities in Mississippi have helped support 5,187 jobs and generated approximately $29 million in tax revenue for state and local governments in Mississippi.
  • Mississippi is home to NASA’s Stennis Space Center and one of the 10 states most affected by the agencies’ activities, along with California, Texas, Alabama, Florida, Maryland, Virginia, Colorado, L ‘Ohio and Utah. These states account for 90% of NASA’s total employment impacts.
  • About 24% of NASA’s impacts in Mississippi are related to the agency’s Moon to Mars campaign. NASA Moon to Mars efforts helped generate $208 million in economic output in Mississippi. Moon to Mars efforts also supported 1,201 jobs and generated $7.1 million in tax revenue for Mississippi state and local governments.
  • About 6% of NASA’s impacts in Mississippi are related to the agency’s climate change research and technology efforts. NASA investments in climate change and research technology helped generate $46.2 million in economic output in Mississippi. Climate change activities also supported 315 jobs and generated $1.6 million in tax revenue for Mississippi State and local governments.

The study was conducted by the Nathalie P. Voorhees Center for Neighborhood and Community Improvement at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

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